Primary Lithium Cells

Primary Lithium Cells

Lithium primary cells products

PSE is specialist in supplying a lare range of lithium primary cells. Lithium primary cells have lithium metal or lithium compounds as an anode. They stand apart from other batteries in their high charge density (long life) and high cost per unit. Depending on the design and chemical compounds used, lithium cells can produce voltages from 1.5 V (comparable to a zinc–carbon or alkaline battery) to about 3.7 V.

Lithium battery technology

Lithium is the lightest of metals and it floats on water. It also has the greatest electrochemical potential which makes it one of the most reactive of metals. These properties give Lithium the potential to achieve very high energy and power densities permitting batteries with very long useful life and small cell packages. Because Lithium reacts violently with water, as well as nitrogen in air, this requires sealed cells. High-rate lithium cells build up temperature and pressure if they are short circuited or abused. Thus, the cell design needs to include safety vents, which release the pressure or rupture to prevent uncontrolled explosion.

Advantages of Lithium primary cells

  • High energy density, double that of premium alkaline batteries
  • Low weight 
  • High cell voltage
  • Flat discharge characteristic
  • Low self discharge
  • Very long shelf life
  • Very long operating life (15 to 20 years for lithium thionyl chloride)
  • Wide operating temperature range ( -60 ° C to +85 ° C for lithium sulfur dioxide)
  • Excellent durability
  • Small cell size

Applications

  • Computer memory protection
  • Medical implants
  • Heart pacemakers
  • Defibrillators
  • Utility meters
  • Watches
  • Cameras
  • Calculators
  • Car keys
  • Security transmitters
  • Smoke alarms
  • Aerospace applications